It seems like tea can be made from just about anything! That’s what makes it so great, the huge variety of tea that exists! Not just the extra flavorings such as ginger, lemon, or hibiscus but in actual tea as well. The differences are so subtle so its very interesting to learn that actually they are very different! So we have made a little fact filled blog post to give you a brief overview of all the wonderful teas in this world. Get ready to be a tea aficionado!
Black Tea: Black teas are allowed to oxidize and ferment resulting in dark leaves that have a full robust flavor! It also has a high caffeine content, in comparison to other teas.
White Tea: Only the youngest shoots of the tea plant are used which result in the most delicate, subtle and complex teas. They are not oxidized or fermented. When they are brewed properly, at a low temperature and a short steeping time, they result in a very low caffeine level.
Green Tea: The oxidation process is stopped very quickly when the leaves are heated. When brewed at lower temperatures green teas has a lower caffeine content than black teas. Green teas are admired for their subtleties and variety of undertones.
Yellow Tea: This type of tea is very similar to green tea except the leaves go through an extra step of production where the damp leaves are “sweltered,” meaning closed in a container, for six to eight hours.
Matcha: This is a powdered green tea that is originally from Japan. The leaves are grown in the shade for three weeks before they are plucked. This results in a higher level of chlorophyll, which creates the bright green color. It has more caffeine than regular green tea because it contains the whole tealeaf.
Oolong Tea: This tea undergoes a partial oxidation. Oolong is less robust than black tea and is often compared to fresh flowers or fruit! The caffeine content falls between black and green tea.
Dark Tea: This tea is from theHunan and Sichuan provinces of China and is an aged probiotic tea. This aging process allows the tea to go through a second fermentation process. After it steeps it has a sweet smooth flavor.
Puer: This is a subset of Dark Tea, so it is also an aged tea from China. Until 1995 it was illegal to import into the US and the process to produce is still kept secret! It is very strong, with a rich deep flavor but no bitterness.
So now that you are a tea expert, the next time you take a sip of a delicious Long Island Iced Tea you can impress your friends with your tea knowledge!
Check out these tea blogs for more facts: